Under eye dark circles develop as a result of oversleeping, excessive tiredness, or simply staying up a few hours past your typical bedtime. Lack of sleep can make your skin look pale and dull, revealing blood vessels and dark tissues beneath the surface. Treating the cause is the best way to go about treating under eye dark circles. So let’s explore the causes and what would be the right under eye dark circle treatment?
Are under eye dark circles only a gender-specific problem?
Certainly not. Men and women can both have dark circles under their eyes. Dark circles, which are sometimes accompanied by bags, might make you look older than your age. And getting rid of them can be tough.
Despite the fact that dark circles can affect anyone, they are especially common in elderly and those who:
- Have a genetic sensitivity to this disease (periorbital hyperpigmentation)
- Ethnic groups that aren’t white (darker skin tones are more prone to hyperpigmentation around the eye area)
Causes of under eye dark circles
There are several factors that contribute to dark circles. The following are some of the most common causes of dark circles:
Sleep deprivation can cause swelling under your eyes and make them puffy. The fatigue from sleep deprivation can lead to the development of dark circles under your eyes.
Excessive screen time can lead to eyestrain. Blood vessels in your eyes may swell as a result of it and will darken the skin around your eyes.
Dark circles under your eyes are also commonly caused by ageing. Your skin becomes thinner as you grow older. Your calories and protein burn at a faster rate, which are needed to keep your skin supple. The dark red blood cells under your skin become a little more visible as a result of this, darkening the area underneath your eyes.
- Sun overexposure
Excessive exposure to sunlight can cause your skin to produce too much melanin, the pigment that gives your skin color. More sun, especially around your eyes, can cause hyperpigmentation in the lower eyelid.
Allergies can make you scratch and rub the irritated skin around your eyes. Rubbing can negatively affect your symptoms by creating inflammation and redness. Moreover, it also leads to blood vessel breakage. Dark circles may appear under your eyes as a result of this.
Under eye dark circle treatments
- Limit your sun exposure
“First and foremost is protection with sunscreen and sun protection with sunglasses in order to protect your eyes from ultraviolet damage that causes aging of the skin and further pigmentation,” Dr. Levin says. For your face, dermatologists prescribe a broad spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of 50.
Sleep deprivation can also contribute to the formation of dark circles. Sleep deprivation can make your skin look pale and make your dark circles more prominent. Ensure that you sleep every night for seven to eight hours to treat under eye dark circles.
- Use Makeup concealer
This is not a treatment but more like a quick fix until you complete your under eye dark circle treatment. This method can assist in concealing them. Use caution while trying this or any other topical therapy or cosmetic. Some products may aggravate your symptoms or create an adverse reaction.
- Use tea bags as under eye dark circle treatment
The appearance of your eyes can be improved by placing cold tea bags over them. Antioxidants and caffeine in tea could improve blood circulation, reduce moisture retention and shrink blood vessels underneath the skin. Put the tea bags in a fridge for 15 to 20 minutes first, then place the tea bags over your closed eyelids for 10 to 20 minutes. Rinse your eyes with cool water and make sure that you remove your contact lens, if you are wearing any.
Medical treatments for dark circles
Medical treatments are also available for dark circles and they are considered a more effective and long-term cure. Following are some of the effective medical treatments:
- Using chemical peels to reduce pigmentation
- Resurfacing and tightening of the skin via laser surgery
- Medical tattoos are used to inject pigment into thinning skin areas
- Tissue fillers are used to hide blood vessels and melanin that cause skin discoloration around the eyes
- Removal of excess fat and skin for a smoother and more equal surface
- Fat or synthetic implants can be surgically implanted
Under eye dark circles are common among people and they usually indicate a particular issue that you might be experiencing. The best under eye circle treatment is to eliminate the cause first (if possible) and then try home remedies or go for medical treatment – whatever your choice is.